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PMP备考每日试题(200326)

慧翔天地
2020-03-26 11:19:06
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      受疫情影响,慧翔天地目前面授班皆转为直播+录播形式进行授课,由于外专局公布取消六月份PMP考试报名,且PMP考试改版也推迟到2020年12月,因此九月份报名人数肯定是非常之多,毕竟少了一次考试,所以我们一定要提前报名,否则可能连英文报名都报不上了。大家在注意自身安全的同时要密切关注慧翔天地官网,一旦6月份PMP考试时间进行了变动,小编会第一时间公布在官网。

       每期慧翔天地小编都会附上10~15道PMP综合测试题,以帮助大家达到练习的效果,本期PMP试题答案会附加在下一期的结尾。大家如果想了解2020年PMP考试报考流程、报考时间、报考要求PMP报考费用PMP考试地点PMP成绩查询PMP报考资格测评等等均可访问站内进行了解。

  81:风险应对计划的实施涉及下列哪一项?

  Implementing a risk response plan involves watch of the following?

  A:监控计划的效果

  Monitoring effectiveness of plan

  B:风险频率和影响评估

  Risk probability and impact assessment

  C:定量风险分析

  Quantitative risk analysis.

  D:定性风险分析

  Qualitative risk analysis

  82:下列哪份文件说明了含有按合同规定所要提供的产品或服务?

  In which document include the product or service according to the contract?

  A:物料清单

  Material list

  B:项目计划

  Project plan

  C:工作说明书

  Work statement

  D:工作分解结构(WBS)

  work breakdown structure(WBS)

  83:你的管理层总是要削减你的项目估算的10%。你的新的项目范围还不清楚,包含30多个项目相关方。管理层预计由于该项目将降低

  25%的停机时间。这种情况下哪项是最好的解决办法?

  You have always been asked by your management to cut your project estimate by ten percent after you have given it to them.The scope of your new project is unclear and there are over 30 stakeholders.Management expects a 25 percent reduction in downtime as a result of the project.Which of the following is the BEST course of action in this situation?

  A:重新计划获得35%的停机时间改进

  Re-plan to achieve a 35 percent improvement in downtime.

  B:减少估算,并在风险应对计划中注明变更

  Reduce the estimates and note the changes in the risk response plan.

  C:提供准确的实际成本估算并能支撑该结果

  Provide an accurate estimate of the actual costs and be able to support it.

  D:会见团队以确认从哪里可以找到10%的节约

  Meet with the team to identify where you can find lo percent savings.

  84:项目团队正在讨论。幸运的是项目经理已经建立了奖励机制和团队建设,有助于鼓励团队进一步合作。团队最近讨论的一件事是他们是否应自己完成一工作包还是外包给其他人。他们现在肯定是在采购过程的哪个阶段?

  The project team seems to like to argue;they have argued about everything.Luckily the project manager has set in place a reward system and team building sessions that will help and encourage the team to cooperate more.The latest thing they are arguing about is if they should complete a work package themselves or outsource the work to someone else.What part of the procurement process must they be in?

  A:控制采购

  Control Procurements

  B:规划采购管理

  Plan Procurement management

  C:实施采购

  Conduct Procurements

  D:结束采购

  Close Procurements

  85:你决定向以前经常为你的公司服务的一家供货商外包合同。该供货商在履行时间表和成本效益方面记录良好,而且与你建立了良好的工作关系。你现在的项目虽然与以前的不同,但是与该供货商完成其它工作类似。在这种情况下,你应该订立什么类型的合同:

  You have decided to award a contract to a seller that has provided its services to your company frequently in the past.This seller has a good record in terms of schedule and cost performance,and your working relationship with this seller is excellent.Your current project,although somewhat different from previous projects,is similar to other work the seller has performed.In this situation,to minimize your risk you should award what type of contract?

  A:固定价格,附加币值调整

  Fixed-price with economic price adjustment

  B:固定酬金(固定目标)

  Fixed-price incentive(firm target)

  C:固定价格

  Firm-fixed-price

  D:成本加酬金

  Cost-plus-award fee

  86:项目经理注意到有一个部门完成每个项目活动花费的时间都比计划长。到目前为止,这些活动/工作包都不在关键路径上,也没有影响到已经发生的关键链计划编制。项目经理担心关键链会出问题,因为接下来的5个关键路径活动中有4个要由该部门完成。项目经理打了3个电话,最后总算能和部门经理说上话了,项目经理想知道发生了什么。对话进行得很慢,因为两个人说的是不一样的母语,他们试着用法语—共同语言—讲话。为了使谈话更容易,项目经理总是让部门经理再说一遍。部门经理说,他的下属遵照一项公司政策,该政策要求2级测试。谈话中,部门经理还作出一些评论,这让项目经理相信该政策会增加工作量。这已经是该项目经理第4次听到这样的评论了。他该怎么办?

  The project manager notices that project activities being completed by one department are all taking slightly longer than planned.To date,none of the Activities/work packages have been on the critical path,nor have they affected the critical chain planning that has occurred.The project manager is bothered by the critical chain problem,since four of the next five critical path activities are being completed by this department.After making three calls,the project manager is finally able to converse with the department manager to determine what is going on.The conversation is slow,because both speak different native languages and they are trying to converse in French,a shared language.To make communication easier,the project manager frequently asks the department manager to repeat back what has been said.The department manager communicates that his staff is following a company policy that requires two levels of testing.During the conversation,the department manager also makes a comment that leads the project manager to believe that the policy may include excessive work.This is the fourth time the project manager has heard such a comment.What is the BEST thing to do?

  A:编制更好的沟通管理计划,要求该项目使用一种语言,并安排翻译

  随时候命

  Create a better communications management plan that requires only one language to be the universal language on the project and have translators readily available on a moment's notice.

  B:联系部门中其他的能更流利的说项目经理母语的成员,来确认部门经理的意见

  Contact someone else in the department who speaks the project manager's native language better to confirm the department manager's opinion.

  C:确认接下来的活动是否要重新估算

  Find out if the upcoming activities should be re-estimated.

  D:通过不断的改进存在问题的政策,提高执行机构的效率

  Work on increasing the effectiveness of the performing organization by recommending continuous improvement of the policy in question.

  87:项目经理发现关键路径上一项活动的开始到结束依赖关系遗漏了。项目进度计划已经与客户沟通,若要避免这个问题,项目经理应该事先做什么?

  The project manager identifies that a finish-to-start dependency for an activity on the critical path is missing.The project schedule was already communicated to the customer.What should the project manager have done to avoid this issue?

  A:审查工作分析结构

  Reviewed the work breakdown structure

  B:进行进度网络分析

  Conducted a schedule network analysis

  C:制定风险管理计划

  Prepared a risk management plan

  D:进行挣值分析

  Conducted an earned value analysis

  88:在一个软件开发项目的规划阶段,如果比承诺交付时间提前两个月交付产品,公司将获得一份奖励,产品开发的项目经理让编程人员在需求和设计完成之前开始代码编写。这种情况下,项目经理在应用哪项进度技术?

  During the planning phase of a software development project,the company is offered an incentive to deliver the product two months earlier than the agreed upon delivery date.The project manager for the product development asks the programmer to start coding before the requirements and design are completed.Which scheduling technique is the project manager applying in this situation?

  A:赶工

  Crashing

  B:快速执行

  Fast implementation

  C:快速跟进

  Fast tracking

  D:分阶段执行

  Phased implementation

  89:项目经理被批准执行一个价值1200万美元为期三年的项目,6个月后,25%项目已完成,项目团队开支为400万美元。计算完进度绩效指数和成本绩效指数后,下一步应该做什么?

  The project manager is approved to execute a US$12million,three-year project.After 25%of the project is completed What is the next step after calculating the schedule performance index and cost performance index?

  A:要求更多资金

  Ask for more money

  B:执行偏差分析

  Perform variance analysis

  C:制定绩效预测

  Develop performance forecast

  D:提交变更请求

  Submit a change request

  90:项目经理与主题专家(SME)一起估算项目任务。主题专家认为某项活动最可能花45小时完成。但是,在项目团队会议上,相同的活动估计需要花70小时。而有些团队成员认为这项活动能够在32小时内完成。项目经理应该怎么估算这项活动?

  The project manager estimates project tasks with subject matter experts(SMEs).The SMEs feel that an activity will most likely take 45 hours to complete.However,during a project team meeting,the same activity is estimated to take 70 hours.Some team members believe that this activity can be completed within 32 hours.What should the project manager estimate for this activity?

  A:32小时

  32 hours

  B:45小时

  45 hours

  C:47小时

  47 hours

  D:70小时

  70 hours

      PMP备考每日十题(200325)点击跳转

  (200325)答案

  71、正确答案:D

  解析:所属知识领域:项目成本管理。所属过程组:规划过程组。在进行项目选择的商业讨论中,投资回收期指标是一个选择方法,根据题意,项目A的回收期是21个月,项目B的回收期是18个月(12个月加上两个季度6个月),所以选D。考点项目回收期。出处PMBOK第6版中7.1

  72、正确答案:D

  解析:11.4.2.5数据分析之影响图,作为风险定量分析的工具:用图形方法表示变量与结果之间的因果关系、事件时间顺序以及其他关系。另外,四个选项中只有影响图可显示因果关系。

  73、正确答案:C

  解析:从图上可知:PV1,CPI=1

  74、正确答案:D

  解析:质量成本是确定为保证质量而付出的成本的一种方法。根据题意,该项目的每份文件都需要同行评审,这样的质量管理成本俨然太高。出现该问题是在规划质量管理时,忽略了对质量成本的考量。所以“若要确保质量成本满足项目特征”,则应该在规划时考虑质量成本。执行阶段出现的问题一般需要往前(启动或规划)找根源。

  75、正确答案:A

  解析:见PMBOK第6版中4.7.3.2

  76、正确答案:B

  解析:所属过程组:规划过程组。所属知识领域:项目范围管理。WBS是对项目团队为实现项目目标、创建可交付成果而需要实施的全部工作范围的层级分解。外包的可交付成果仍然是项目目标的组成部分所以不应该移除

  77、正确答案:B

  解析:所属过程组:监控过程组。所属知识领域:项目整合管理。考点:整体变更控制流程。要考虑使用新工具的对项目总体影响,因此需要变更请求。

  78、正确答案:B

  解析:PMBOK第6版中12.3.1.5/PMBOK第6版12.1.1.6成本加固定费用(CPFF)。为卖方报销履行合同工作所发生的一切可列支成本,并向卖方支付一笔固定费用。该费用以项目初始估算成本的某一百分比计列。除非项目范围发生变更,否则费用金额维持不变。

  79、正确答案:D

  解析:11.5规划风险应对-引言-次生风险

  80、正确答案:B

  解析:11.2.2.2风险核对单。

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